Madagascar is a big island, known for its biodiversity, his beautiful beaches, her culture, as well as the richness of the marine fauna and flora. Very popular among fans of health tourism, ofethnographic and alsoecotourism, Madagascar has countless treasures to charm any visitor. Unfortunately, another reality is hidden behind the beauty of Madagascar, that of absolute poverty.
Madagascar, an earthly paradise
The beauty of Madagascar is matched only by its wealth. A climate diversityas well as a variety of breathtaking sceneryThis is the charm of the Big Island, but not only. Its landscape is dotted with high mountains the fertile plains sown with terraced rice fields, both of which are more beautiful than others, large dry tropical forests, protected coral reef coasts, tropical islands with beautiful white sand beaches, etc. To this is added a unique biodiversity with a rate ofendemism high, in particular; 80% for flora, more than 90% of lemur species, 250 bird species of which 106 are endemic, 98% of reptiles and amphibians and 92% of freshwater fish.
One of the strong points of the Big Island is also, its cultural diversity, 18 tribes and almost as many different cultures. Lifestyles, architectural styles and traditions have their distant origins in civilizations from Indonesia, India, Africa, Arabia, and many others.
The backdrop of Madagascar
Despite his heavenly landscapes, its enchanting sites and its unique biodiversity, Madagascar is the 5th poorest country in the world, according to the IMF's ranking in 2015. 92% of the population currently lives below the poverty line, with only two dollars per capita. per capita day.
Madagascar ranks 145th out of 185 countries behind Haiti according to the Human Development Index. The various political and economic crises that have hit the country for many years affect many families, and children are not left behind. Extreme poverty affects 9% of children under 5 and 8.5% of children aged 5 to 14.
Thus, nearly 80% of the population lives in rural areas where this situation is felt more than in the urban sector.
School dropout accompanies the increase in poverty. According to figures from the Department of Education, the number of children aged 6 to 10 who drop out of school has increased by 53% between 2008-2009 and the 2009-2010 school year, and number of working children has increased. Relationship of cause and effect, it is estimated today at nearly 3000, the number of children living in Madagascar on the street, with or without family.
NGO and solidarity tourism
There are many non-governmental organizations who are constantly working to improve the condition in which we find ourselves Madagascar.
The most popular of these is the association AKAMASOAafter 26 years of fighting, she helped 500,000 Malagasy. 3,000 houses have been built, and 25,000 people live in the villages. Each of these villages includes schools, a dispensary and workplaces for adults: quarry, masonry, carpentry, agriculture, crafts. 12,162 children are enrolled in these schools. And in 2004, the association was recognized by the State as Public Utility.
There is also, theNGO Zazakely (that is to say, child), whose purpose is to save the Malagasy children of a tragic destiny without moving them away from their families. Children in guardianship all come from families so poor that they can no longer take care of their children without putting them in danger. Placement requests usually come directly from parents, close family members, neighborhood leaders, or doctors or religious who know the family very well.
Of course, there are many others that also play a very important role.
For that, Madagascar-hotel-Online would like to pay tribute to their daily work on the ground.
There are also agencies and tour operators like " double meaning " or " Tamadi Offering services of solidarity tourism and fair tourism to allow both to discover, the wealth of Madagascar, its fauna, its flora, but also to meet the Malagasy population, enter their daily newspapers, assist them, and especially help them. These experiences encourage the exchange of emotions, projects, as well as the understanding of cultures, to see MADAGASCAR from a different angle.