Located in the Moaroantsetra region, on the peninsula of Masoala, the park is mostly covered by 235,000 hectares of primary forest. Thanks to its high annual rainfall, it has a mangrove vegetation. The name of "national park" was attributed to it in 1997. It is a protected area which is constituted of 2300 km2 of terrestrial park sheltering a multitude of endemic species, and of 100 km2 of marine park abounding of aquatic specimens and covered a large expanse of coral reefs.
A highly varied fauna
More than half of the mammals listed in Madagascar are found on the peninsula of Masoala. The park's coastline is teeming with endemic marine fish, reptiles and amphibians, like the tomato frog. Between July and September, humpback whales are visible off the peninsula. In addition, the park's forest areas are home to nearly 15 different varieties of lemurs, including the Aye-aye, the eastern-forked lemur and the real red. Rare birds such as Eurycere Prévost, red owl and snake eagle also populate the island.
Lush vegetation at will
Nearly 50% of Malagasy flora is also found in Masoala National Park. Indeed, about fifty varieties of palm trees are listed on the peninsula. Nepenthes masoalensis, a carnivorous plant endemic to the Big Island, is also found in the park. Many varieties of ferns also make up the lush vegetation of the park. In addition, 99 different species of seaweed are recorded on the coast of Masoala.